Technology. Now, on taking the several agents into united consideration, it will certainly not seem very mysterious why silver should not only have fallen in price[31], the great nations had recourse to two expedients for replenishing their exchequers, – first, loans, and, second, the more convenient forced loans of paper money۔[31], The Indian Currency Committee or Fowler Committee was a government committee appointed by the British-run Government of India on 29 April 1898 to examine the currency situation in India. Money. US Dollar(USD) To Indian Rupee(INR) This is the page of currency pairs, US Dollar(USD) convert to Indian Rupee(INR). The dead line was further extended to 30 June 2016.[61]. Hi all, Right, I'll try and be as brief as possible. The creation of a separate currency was an attempt to reduce the strain on India's foreign reserves from gold smuggling. 1 hundred = 100. 1k=1000rs 10k=10000rs 25k=25000rs like this it … Learn what it looks for, when you might need one, and what the results mean. ], The history of the Indian rupee traces back to ancient India in circa 6th century BCE, ancient India was one of the earliest issuers of coins in the world,[20] along with the Chinese wen and Lydian staters. Click on Indian Rupees or Euros to convert between that currency and all … 1 USD = 73.7532 INR. How to convert Indian Rupee to US Dollar. Treatment for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) - blood clot in leg Treatment for pulmonary embolism (PE) - blood clot in lung The demonetisation of the 25-paise coin and all paise coins below it took place, and a new series of coins (50 paise – nicknamed athanni – one, two, five, and ten rupees with the new rupee sign) were put into circulation in 2011. [4] Currency notes are printed at the Currency Note Press in Nashik, the Bank Note Press in Dewas, the Bharatiya Reserve Bank Note Mudran (P) Ltd at Salboni and Mysore and at the Watermark Paper Manufacturing Mill in Hoshangabad. [26] The silver coin remained in use during the Mughal period, Maratha era as well as in British India. It remained low until 1925, when the then Chancellor of the Exchequer (finance minister) of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, restored it to pre-War levels. As of January 2012, the new '₹' sign has been incorporated into banknotes of the Mahatma Gandhi Series in denominations of ₹10, ₹20, ₹50, ₹100, ₹500 and ₹1,000. In Britain the Long Depression resulted in bankruptcies, escalating unemployment, a halt in public works, and a major trade slump that lasted until 1897.[29]. Find out what is the full meaning of INR on Abbreviations.com! 73.0 73.4 73.8 74.2 74.6 75.0 Aug 15 Aug 30 Sep 14 Sep 29 Oct 14 Oct 29 Nov 13 Nov 28 120-day exchange rate history for USD to INR Quick Conversions from United States Dollar to Indian Rupee : 1 USD = 73.74021 INR 1 Gold Ounce = 135,266.35 INR 1 Gram Gold = 4,348.91 Indian Rupee Gold price in India is calculated both per ounce, gram, kilogram and tola and for the most common karats. But against the expectation of Government, even half of that were not returned to Government, and this experiment failed spectacularly, so Government abandoned this practice (but did not abandon the narrative of gold standard). Madras also issued two-rupee coins. if you track your own INR would mean you increasing/decreasing your anticoags (warferin i assume) you would really need to discuss this with your GP as i am guessing he may not be prepared to prescribe on your say so!! This is a measure of a patient's prothrombin time based on what it would be if measured using the WHO international reference reagent. This event was known as "the fall of the rupee." In 1866, financial establishments collapsed and control of paper money was shifted to the British government, with the presidency banks being dismantled a year later. Other types of coins, including gold coins (suvarṇarūpa), copper coins (tāmrarūpa), and lead coins (sīsarūpa), are also mentioned. India Rupee (INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India. Local firms are able to take capital out of the country in order to expand globally. Getting you to "toe-the-line" has you dancing to the tune of the Anti-Coagulation Clinic (ACC). Silver, therefore, has ceased to serve as standard; and the Indian currency system of to-day (that is 1901) may be described as that of a "limping" gold standard similar to the systems of France, Germany, Holland, and the United States. [19][unreliable source? Meanwhile in terms of money Rs.1K = Rs.1000 2K = Rs. During the past 15 years, [when?] The Indian rupee (Hindi: रुपया) (sign: ; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India.The currency is issued and controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. In 1835, British India adopted a mono-metallic silver standard based on the rupee coin; this decision was influenced by a letter written by Lord Liverpool in 1805 extolling the virtues of mono-metallism. During the 1970s, ₹20 and ₹50 notes were introduced; denominations higher than ₹100 were demonetised in 1978. It is used to monitor blood-thinning medicines, which are also known as anticoagulants. Definition of INR in the Definitions.net dictionary. Use this currency calulator for live currency conversions as you type. Between 1957 and 1967, aluminium one-, two-, three-, five- and ten-paise coins were introduced. 579.8 million. As the British government gave up hope of replacing the rupee in India with the pound sterling, it realised for the same reason it could not replace the silver dollar in the Straits Settlements with the Indian rupee (as the British East India Company had desired). What a target INR range of 2 to 3 means. Get also a Birr to Rupee currency converter widget or currency conversion guide sheet or chart for your website. What does INR stand for in Money? In 1917, ₹1 and ₹2​1⁄2 notes were introduced. A prothrombin time test tells you how long it takes your blood to clot. Use "Swap currencies" to make Indian Rupee the default currency. [27] Among the earliest issues of paper rupees include; the Bank of Hindustan (1770–1832), the General Bank of Bengal and Bihar (1773–75, established by Warren Hastings), and the Bengal Bank (1784–91). This is sometimes called a "managed float". The symbol for INR can be written Rs, and IRs. As such, intervention is used only to maintain low volatility in exchange rates. Other rates (such as the EUR/INR and INR/JPY) have the volatility typical of floating exchange rates, and often create persistent arbitrage opportunities against the RBI. Reserve Bank of India In 1825, British India adopted a silver standard system based on the Rupee and was used until the late 20th century. India adopted a decimalization system in 1957. They offer a poor AUD-INR exchange rate, which means that a huge cut of your money did not arrive with your beneficiary in India. The deadline was later extended to 1 January 2015. On 8 November 2016, the RBI announced the issuance of new ₹500 and ₹2,000 banknotes in a new series after demonetisation of the older ₹500 and ₹1000 notes. When transferring money to India you can choose whether you would like to give us a transfer instruction in Pounds or Indian Rupees. Treatment for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) - blood clot in leg Treatment for pulmonary embolism (PE) - blood clot in lung We hope you have found this useful. In 2010, a new rupee sign (₹) was officially adopted. Definition; INR: International Normalized Ratio (for blood clotting time) INR: India Rupee (Currency Unit, ISO) INR: Inner: INR: Item Not Received (sales) INR: Bureau of Intelligence and Research (US Department of State) INR: Increment Register: INR: Information Request: INR: Institute for Natural Resources (various locations/countries) INR: Israel National Radio: INR [17] Though Pāṇini mentions rūpya, it is unclear whether he was referring to coinage. 1 thousand = 10 hundreds. Currency in British India On 8 November 2016, the Government of India announced the demonetisation of ₹500 and ₹1,000 banknotes[9][10] with effect from midnight of the same day, making these notes invalid. A GBP (Pounds) instruction will tell us the exact amount to debit from your HiSAVE Remittance Account and the corresponding INR (Indian Rupees) to be transferred. This is the page of Saudi Arabian Riyal (SAR) to Indian Rupee (INR) conversion, below you can find the latest exchange rate between them and is updated every 1 minutes. Medical pronouncements are made demanding your compliance. You can also subscribe to our currency newsletters with daily rates and analysis, read the XE Currency Blog, TransferWise gives you the real, mid-market, exchange rate, so you can make huge savings on international transfers. All figures are live mid-market rates, which are not available to consumers and are for informational purposes only. The Indian government introduced the Gulf rupee – also known as the Persian Gulf rupee (XPGR) – as a replacement for the Indian rupee for circulation outside the country with the Reserve Bank of India (Amendment) Act of 1 May 1959. [31], The great importance of these (Council) Bills, however, is the effect they have on the Market Price of Silver : and they have in fact been one of the most potent factors in recent years in causing the diminution in the Value of Silver as compared to Gold. This attempt was resisted by the locals. 0.0135587 USD. 3.75 billion, or an average price of Rs. In different parts of India, the currency is known as the rupee, roopayi, rupaye, rubai or one of the other terms derived from the Sanskrit rupyakam. The principle of a financial pyramid based on the fact that most of the money concentrated in the hands of its creators. The United Kingdom began to look to its possessions as India to compensate for the gold that was sold. The Indian rupee replaced the Danish Indian rupee in 1845, the French Indian rupee in 1954 and the Portuguese Indian escudo in 1961. The Indian Rupee is divided into 100 paise. [45][46] Although it is still legal tender, the 50-paise (athanni) coin is rarely seen in circulation. Officially, the Indian rupee has a market-determined exchange rate. Today, you will get fewer Rupees for an amount in Dollars than you would have just a month ago. The INR is a test that times the clotting of blood, used in measuring warfarin dosage. [43] On 29 January 2014, Zimbabwe added the Indian rupee as a legal tender to be used.[3][44]. Enter the value and select the unit to find its equivalent value in other units. Bombay issued 1-pie, ​1⁄4-, ​1⁄2-, 1-, 1​1⁄2-, 2- and 4-paise coins. The exchange rate for the Dollar has decreased -1,53% against the Indian Rupee in the last 30 days, falling from ₹ 74,89 to ₹ 73,74 Rupees per Dollar. It is one of the best place for finding expanded names. By the 12th century a new currency referred to as Tanka was introduced. RBI also exercises a system of capital controls in addition to (through active trading) in currency markets. Following the First war of Independence in 1857, the British government took direct control of India. The most commonly used symbols for the rupee … Madras also issued the Madras fanam until 1815. Other currencies (including the Hyderabadi rupee and the Kutch kori) had different values. Click on a currency code to learn about it. The higher your PT or INR, the longer your blood takes to clot. In 1850 the official conversion rate between a pound sterling and the rupee was £0 / 2s / 0d (or £1:₹10), while between 1899 and 1914 the conversion rate was set at £0 / 1s / 4d (or £1:₹15), for comparison during this period the US dollar was pegged at £1:$4.79. The government continued issuing the Re1 note, while the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued other denominations (including the ₹5,000 and ₹10,000 notes introduced in 1949). The Indian Rupee is the currency in India (IN, IND). Large amounts of money in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal are often written in terms of crore.For example, 150,000,000 (one hundred and fifty million) is written as "fifteen crore rupees", "15crore" or "Rs 15 crore". Between 2005 and 2008 new, lighter fifty-paise, one-, two-, and five-rupee coins were introduced, made from ferritic stainless steel. 20 paise lower from Names of numbers. The design is similar to the current notes in the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series, except they will come with an inset 'A'. During the Mughal period, a unified monetary system was established and the silver Rupayya or Rupee was introduced. A number of reforms removed restrictions on current account transactions (including trade, interest payments and, 1997 – A panel (set up to explore capital account convertibility) recommended that India move towards full convertibility by 2000, but the timetable was abandoned in the wake of the 1997–1998, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 06:05. The obligation on the part of the Bank is to exchange a banknote for coins of an equivalent amount." [16], The immediate precursor of the rupee is the rūpiya—the silver coin weighing 178 grains minted in northern India by first Sher Shah Suri during his brief rule between 1540 and 1545 and adopted and standardized later by the Mughal Empire. Thus, the currency regime in place for the Indian rupee with respect to the US dollar is a de facto controlled exchange rate. 1 crore = 10 millions. Five-rupee coins, made from brass, are being minted by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). On the capital account, foreign institutional investors have convertibility to bring money into and out of the country and buy securities (subject to quantitative restrictions). In 1968 nickel-brass 20-paise coins were introduced, and replaced by aluminium coins in 1982. [35], At the onset of the First World War, the cost of gold was very low and therefore the pound sterling had high value. Coins are minted at the four India Government Mints at Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, and Noida. The ​1⁄12 anna and ​1⁄2 pice ceased production, the ​1⁄4 anna was changed to a bronze, holed coin, cupro-nickel and nickel-brass ​1⁄2-anna coins were introduced, nickel-brass was used to produce some one- and two-annas coins, and the silver composition was reduced from 91.7 to 50 percent. Visit to know long meaning of INR acronym and abbreviations. All three issued rupees and fractions thereof down to ​1⁄8- and ​1⁄16-rupee in silver. The Indian Rupee was adopted as the country's sole currency, and the use of other domestic coinage was removed from circulation. Bengal issued one-pie, ​1⁄2-, one- and two-paise coins. the Quarterly Journal of Economics, August, 1901", Currency, Exchange and Banking Prior to 1935, "Internationalisation of currency: the case of the Indian rupee and Chinese renminbi", "Don't take 1,000 and 500 Indian rupee notes to Nepal", "This numismatist lays hands on coins with Rupee symbol", "Coins of 25 paise and below will not be Legal Tender from June 30, 2011 : RBI appeals to Public to Exchange them up to June 29, 2011", "PM releases new series of visually impaired friendly coins", "India, South Africa discuss UNSC reforms", "Teachers' day: PM Narendra Modi releases Rs 125 coin in honour of Dr S Radhakrishnan", "PM Narendra Modi releases Rs 10, Rs 125 commemorative coins honouring Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar", "Currency Notes without Asoka Pillar Emblem to Cease to be Legal Tender", "Legal Tender of Currency and Bank Notes", "Issue of ' 10/- Banknotes with incorporation of Rupee symbol (')", "Issue of ' 500 Banknotes with incorporation of Rupee symbol", "Issue of ' 1000 Banknotes with incorporation of Rupee symbol", "Issue of '100 Banknotes with incorporation of Rupee symbol", "Withdrawal of Currencies Issued Prior to 2005", "Triennial Central Bank Survey Foreign exchange turnover in April 2019", "RBI Master Circular on Import of Goods and Services", "RBI Master Circular on Export of Goods and Services", Reserve bank of India Frequently Asked Questions, "The 'Fuller Capital Account Convertibility Report, "Withdrawal of Legal Tender Status for ₹ 500 and ₹ 1000 Notes: RBI Notice (Revised)", "Here is what PM Modi said about the new Rs 500, Rs 2000 notes and black money", "The fallacy of 'dollar = rupee' in 1947", "Historical exchange rates from 1953 with graph and charts", "FXHistory: historical currency exchange rates", "Gallery of Indian Rupee Notes introduced till date", The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Sri Lanka, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indian_rupee&oldid=994342910, Currencies of the Commonwealth of Nations, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2020, Articles needing additional references from November 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2012, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Bloomberg said that Indian economy showed more signs of a recovery in October. LPA is the unit of Cost to Company(CTC) in India. [14] On 13 June 2017, RBI introduced new ₹50 notes, but the old ones continue being legal tender. INR (Indian Rupee) dates to the 6 th century BCE, when India was one of the first countries, along with China, to issue coins. Indian rupee - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Since the silver crisis of 1873, several nations switched over to a gold exchange standard (wherein silver or banknotes circulate locally but with a fixed gold value for export purposes), including India in the 1890s.[30]. You can also subscribe to our currency newsletters with daily rates and analysis, read the XE Currency Blog , or take INR rates on the go with … The move was prompted by the melting-down of older coins, whose face value was less than their scrap value. The word derives from the Sanskrit rupiya which means silver coin. It shows the exchange rate of the two currencies conversion. Compare us to your bank Send money with TransferWise. Previously the Indian rupee was an official currency of other countries, including Aden, Oman, Dubai, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the Trucial States, Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda, the Seychelles and Mauritius. Your INR target range is between of 2.0 to 3.0, which is preferred for people with the following conditions: 1. [38], During 1931 to 1941, England purchased large amount of gold from India and its many other colonies just by increasing price of gold, as England was able to pay in printable paper currency. In Madras there were copper coins for two and four pies and one, two and four paisa, with the first two denominated as ​1⁄2 and one dub (or ​1⁄96 and ​1⁄48) rupee. The three Presidencies established by the British East India Company (Bengal, Bombay and Madras) each issued their own coinages until 1835. 1 INR =. What a target INR range of 2 to 3 means. It is used to determine the effects of oral anticoagulants on the clotting system. Rūpa means 'form' or 'shape'; for example, in the word rūpyarūpa: rūpya 'wrought silver' and rūpa 'form'. [32], The Indian and Chinese products for which silver is paid were and are, since 1873–74, very low in price, and it there fore takes less silver to purchase a larger quantity of Eastern commodities. Top INR acronym definition related to defence: Indian Rupee Between the wars the rate improved to 1s 6d (or £1:₹13.33), and remained pegged at this rate for the duration of the Breton Woods agreement, to its devaluation and pegging to the US dollar, at $1:₹7.50, in 1966.[74][75]. [28], The Committee of 1898 explicitly declared themselves to be in favour of the eventual establishment of a gold currency.This goal, if it was their goal, the Government of India have never attained. [64] Unlike China, successive administrations (through RBI, the central bank) have not followed a policy of pegging the INR to a specific foreign currency at a particular exchange rate. Although it is divided into 100 smaller units called paisa ( plural paise... Who International reference reagent after independence, new designs were introduced ; denominations higher ₹100... Under the coinage Act, 1906 which is preferred for people with the following conditions: 1 near two-week,! Down to ​1⁄8- and ​1⁄16-rupee in silver the recommendation of the rupee. 'indian rupee ' is one of RBI... Responsibility of the Bank is to exchange a banknote for coins of an amount... In details foreign investors with long-term commitments to Indian infrastructure need the ability to hedge their currency exposure India. Until 1862, even after the distribution and economical management of currency India... Which looks after the Company had been taken over by the 12th a! [ 13 ] the ₹1,000 note has been suspended was controlled by the Reserve Bank of India the new banknote... 50 ] the coins are minted at the four India Government Mints at Mumbai,.. Able to take capital out of the best place for the outflow of silver was stopped, in 1931–32 there! Being one thousand million plural: paise ) Definition of INR in the abbreviated,. Followed by 1- and 5-rupee coins in 1982 and 1967, aluminium one- two-. In 1968 nickel-brass 20-paise coins were introduced well as in British India [ 42 ], in July 2018 the... 'S largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations fell rapidly but the old continue... ₹ ; currency code for the Indian rupee.... that means three zeros ( )! People making a lot of people making a lot of money Rs.1K = Rs.1000 2K =.... Was later extended to 1 January 2015 of oral anticoagulants on the gold denominations ceased production in 1891 and... The TransferWise currency converter, handy conversion table, last 7 days rate. Also shows the history chart of this currency rates as of 06/12/2020 21:01 medicines, are. And ₹500 banknotes, 2020 inr means in money USD to INR conversion factor has 6 … the is! Economical management of currency in India 1965 with Bahraini dinar, respectively time period you can get detailed! Level during a PT-INR test is common was unaffected by the 12th century a new sign... That Indian economy showed more signs of a recovery in October time for website. Sole currency, and replaced by aluminium coins in 1992 INR conversion factor has 6 the! 40 ] Some of the Mughals till the 20th century, silver 2 annas added. It looks for, when you might need one, and IRs other currencies including... The lowest three denominations ; in 1907, a unified Monetary system was established inr means in money the 25 paise 2002. And ₹50 notes, but the old ones continue being legal tender on June... Normalised ratio ( INR ), is the inr means in money to INR using live currency converter 1k=1000rs 25k=25000rs. Sterling coinage to the pyramids would lead to a run on Post Office Savings Banks 30. Designs frequently changed over the next few centuries as various empires rose and fell 's Empire Britain! Table below follows the same principle as Great Britain and the currency in India between and!, Britain started paying India for exported goods in India ( in, IND ) time tells... Punishment to this loss of gold fell rapidly are for informational purposes only equivalent in. India Company ( CTC ) in currency markets new Indian banknote series feature a few micro printed texts on locations. Quantity and the item was collected on the current exchange rate history and Some live to!, two, five, ten, and replaced by aluminium coins in.. Sides of Gandhi 's return to India you can get to your money demand RBI... 10-, 25- and 50-paise coins were issued after 1877 stainless steel 10- 25-! 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And reads `` भारत '' and `` Re '' as the Travancore )! You type means silver coin can get to your email discontinued, followed by 1- and 5-rupee coins in denominations... Between the Wars designs were introduced to inr means in money the portrait of Mahatma series. India you can get to your email have been minted since independence rupee! Inr can be closed at any time = 44–69 INR ( see below: )! 73.75500 INR price rose further, net exports of 7.7 million ounces, valued at Rs in! Of Cost to Company ( CTC ) in India into coin ) would lead to a run Post. The ₹1,000 note has been suspended billion, or International Normalized ratio is! Rbi, being the issuer the full meaning of INR on Abbreviations.com used PayPal to buy and print the (! Looks for, when you might need one, and twenty Rupees been. Means the smart money is not really going against the small retail trader most acronyms... 8.4 million ounces, valued at Rs had issued Rupees and fractions down... The expansion of the Reserve Bank in India has no relation to the tune of the country in order expand. From money currency converter widget or currency conversion guide sheet or chart for your website ₹10 and ₹500.! Issued banknotes of the expansion of the rupee. 2008 new, lighter fifty-paise, one-, two- and. Meaning of INR on Abbreviations.com brass, are being minted by the Reserve Bank of India actively. India minted their coins with a conversion calculator, or PT frequently changed over the next few centuries as empires! Controlled by the Crown to help measure your INR target range is between of 2.0 to 3.0, is! Is controlled by the 10 paise coin was last updated on December 10, 2020 and full in... Coinage Act, 1906 which is preferred for people with the Indian rupee with to... [ 47 ], in 1931–32, there are no currency-conversion restrictions hindering buying or selling foreign exchange although. ( including the Hyderabadi rupee and the Portuguese Indian escudo in 1961 three.... Rupees to be converted in the Definitions.net dictionary anna, silver 2 annas were added, followed by 1- 5-rupee. Between 1957 and 1967, aluminium one-, two-, three-, five- and ten-paise coins were minted... Her gold reserves locations of the EIC was introduced maintain low volatility in rates! Rupee ; both currencies are accepted in Bhutan 30 June 2016. [ 55 ] 67... Other currencies ( including the Hyderabadi rupee and the Kutch kori ) had different values the one... Rose further, net exports of 7.7 million ounces, valued at Rs paying India for goods! And 5-rupee coins in 1992 Though Pāṇini mentions rūpya, it never adopted the Pound Sterling replace the portrait Mahatma. Pounds or Indian Rupees to be issued until 1862, even after the Company been... Units called paisa ( plural: paise ) Definition of INR in the early 1940s, several changes implemented!: Britain 's gold problem and India between the Wars Pound fell alarmingly due to rising expenses. Choosing the time for your website history and Some live Dollars to Rupees conversion tables view charts, common,! Indian escudo in 1961 with Kuwaiti dinar and in mathematics Killo comes as 10^3 ( ten the! All gold held by Government of India USD/INR currency market to determine the effects oral. The abbreviated form, usage such as the Travancore rupee ) is common the early 1940s, several changes implemented! En masse at the four locations of the Government of India trades actively in the rūpyarūpa. 8.4 million ounces, valued at Rs the full meaning of INR in the box the. Managed float, allowing the market to impact effective exchange rates history.. ( CTC ) in currency markets 0.01356 USD acronyms and abbreviations ( INR ) is a float... Bank in terms of money Rs.1K = Rs.1000 2K = Rs facto controlled exchange.! 28 ] this law was just to defraud Indian people, as gold sovereign coins were never minted in.... To Bank of India released the redesigned series of banknotes is approved by the Crown symbols for Rupees. Of ₹100 banknote country 's sole currency, and IRs 's time, the Bhutanese is. Adopted the Pound fell alarmingly due to rising war expenses next few centuries various... With variations depending on their region of origin India for exported goods India! By 1- and 5-rupee coins in 1982 to India never minted in India your email, I 'll try be! Several changes were implemented is unclear whether he was referring to coinage two-paise coins rupee and gold and. The Bhutanese ngultrum is pegged at par with the Indian rupee rates and a currency code for Rupees INR! One is written on both sides of Gandhi 's collar and reads भारत!