I’ve often walked up to examine a finish that looked great, only to be dismayed when I ran my fingers over the surface. It’s very important to use the correct grade and coarseness of steel wool for specific projects because using the wrong grade can cause damage or … Now this sample here has four coats of water-based urethane, and the first step involves knocking off the dust bumps. We don’t know how this particular scuff happened here, must have happened in some parking lot or something, but I’m going to try something to make this look better. Small e solution diy aw extra 8 15 13 easy rub out best way to refinish wood furniture 60 super smooth poly finish por super smooth poly finish por rub out finish gloss satin. It claimed that it could go over stained wood furniture that has a polyurethane finish. This is especially true if you’re working in a home shop and you’re applying a polyurethane finish with a brush. And then, I’m going to use a buffing pad on a random orbit sander with some automotive rubbing compound. Not all steel wool is created equal. It’s a 2004, but I believe in keeping vehicles good for the long haul, and that means little repairs and fix ups like this if you want to keep ahead of things. You don’t want to wrap it around a wooden block. Been sanding with 400 grit in-between coats, but it seems too aggressive -- especially with my random orbit sander. Finish up with a coat of paste wax, also buffed out under power, and you’ll have the smoothest possible finish that can be put on wood. You want something with a little bit of resilience, but you don’t want to use the sandpaper by hand. It only takes a few strokes to remove the dust bumps, so don’t overdo it. I hope this helps. At this stage you’ll have an acceptable surface, but one that’s probably marred by tiny bumps caused by dust that settled on the finish as it dried. Using Minwax wipe-on poly (oil) for a table top. Restor-A-Finish works best when you apply it with a soft cloth. Use medium to heavy pressure, and try to keep the pressure and the direction of your strokes as consistent as possible. This is the fine grit, and you want to use this, believe it or not, in conjunction with a random orbit sander with no abrasive disc on it. It might later discolor your wood panel and destroy your project. Work over the whole area evenly and slowly in a grid pattern. A thick coat will raise the grain of the wood and is hence, better be avoided. Additionally, these formulas contain chemical solvents as well as curing agents. Don't be alarmed when the finish becomes even duller and less reflective. To save drying time, coat the bottom and then immediately flip it over to finish the top. To capture the grit and to maintain an even sheen, use a bunch of dry rags to wipe off the finish before it dries. Buffing really does make it easy to get superb results on wood finished with polyurethane. The resulting color can vary greatly between different types of wood. It sounds too good to be true, but it is true. So, can I buff as you described, minus the 320 grit on the foam block? Video of the Day Volume 0% How do you make a matte finish with polyurethane? Types of Polyurethane Finishes You’ll only need 1/2 of a pad for this amount of homemade wood stain. © 2000-2020 Floor Mechanics - The World's Fastest Free Delivery For Hardwood Flooring Contractors. Now I guess I'll buff the whole thing down with the steel wool and then apply the satin finish and see how that looks tomorrow. Results. Synthetic steel wool will help you to make the surface “rough up.” It will block the polyurethane form edging on the wooden surface. It is perfect for removing the softened polyurethane finish. As the vibrations and rotations of the tool are transmitted to the pad and the wood, it buffs the surface, removing tiny imperfections while leveling out the sheen beautifully. Where more abrasion happened, it’s going to be dull; and where less abrasion happened it’s going to be shinier. Surface coatings (polyurethane, lacquer, shellac) hide 180 grit sandpaper scratches whereas oil will accentuate them. 1. If you want something shinier, you’d follow this up with the super fine pad used in the same way. If there's still a slight depression after the finish dries, gently wipe the patch with 0000 steel wool and apply a second coat. Clear Your Working Area. So, the sander causes the rubbing pad to move and polishes the surface. Additionally, can you use steel wool on water based polyurethane? It’s going to be smooth, but it’s not going to have an even sheen. Make it thin and smooth. Now not every woodworking situation is as nice and flat and open as this sample piece I’m showing you here now, but the same process can be used on any kind of shape or profile. Now it feels about the same, but you can see some shinier reflections there. It all comes down to an operation called “buffing”. As the finish wears, developing scratches, dull spots or higher-sheen burnished spots, the final steps of the rubbing process (steel wool and lubricant) can be repeated, bringing back the clean, smooth and even look. This is just great. Most ordinary people who attempt to apply a polyurethane finish wood eventually resign themselves to sub-standard results, all for lack of one tiny piece of information. You won’t be able to resist running your hand over it. However if I use 4/0 steel wool the sheen builds to a semi-gloss. What surprises me is how few woodworkers know about it considering how often people have trouble creating a wood finish they can be proud of. Worst comes … Want to see buffing in action? Rubbing with the grain, make 3 or 4 complete passes over the surface, slightly overlapping each pass with the next. Apply in curcular motion, going against the grain with just enough wax to coat the surface lightly. From the Manufacturer. Store it in a tightly-sealed metal can for safety. Avoid Steel Wool on Water-Based Strippers. Steps To Apply Steel Wool Polyurethane Finish. Sand the uneven finish using fine-grit sandpaper. Finishing Options. Once you have removed all the finish off, wash the surface with water if it is a wash away remover. You definitely don’t want to go right through the finish to bare wood. Masterline Rapid Dry Poly offers easy application, superior build in just two coats and is fast drying. Using a foam pad, cloth, or fine brush, apply a thin coat of the water-based polyurethane. This is 320 grit, and it’s wrapped around a piece of foam. A little bit of movement of this sanding block with paper on it is going to yield a much smoother finish. Use a similar method to touch up dinged polyurethane and water-based finishes, which don't redissolve earlier coats and level themselves. The desk had previously been finished but the old finish was cracked and coming off so I had stripped and sanded the top before this new finish coat. I have a 6″ orbital polisher to work with. Tear off (or cut) little pieces of steel wool from the pad and drop them into the jar of white vinegar. I mean, this is not a new vehicle. Apply a very light coat of polyurethane to the sanded area with a brush. It claimed that it could go over stained wood furniture that has a polyurethane finish. Use a clean, 0000 steel wool pad to brush down the surface lightly from left to right. Waxing for a Satin Finish Rub the wax in the same direction as the grain. Steel Wool Grades. Yes, it’s that simple. They have done this by introducing myths into their instructions. Rubbing with steel wool improves the appearance and feel of a finish, but it doesn’t remove flaws such as brush marks, orange peel or dust nibs. All Rights Reserved. Lacquer Sanding Sealer is formulated to work as a base coat under Minwax® Clear Brushing Lacquer. Rub hard. This ultra-fine abrasive is excellent for buffing, but there’s a danger. But a rough, ho-hum wood finishing outcome isn’t inevitable when you understand how to do power buffing. Can ram aluminum can crusher crush 10 cans in 10 seconds? Some alternatives that GF recommends are Klingspor's Synthetic Wool and Mirca Mirlon 1500 synthetic wool. Load a pad of 0000 steel wool with paste wax, The wax acts as a lubricant for the rubbing process and helps create a more consistent and better looking surface than dry steel wool. Steel wool is also used as a polishing agent on certain types of finishes. To achieve this on open-grain woods (oak, ash, walnut, or mahogany, for instance), first fill the pores with a wood-grain filler, photo below. Also, be sure to avoid fresh sandpaper for this job because it cuts too aggressively. Prepare your workpiece A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. The only drawback with poly is that it is. Let me know and I’ll tell you what I think. However, when using steel wool, first check pressure to be used on an inconspicuous spot because the hardness of finishes … Once you’ve gotten rid of any leftover wax, blot away the water with a cloth or paper towel. Although buffing makes any type of urethane look and feel like glass, might as well use a formulations that’s as easy as possible to succeed with. No sanding with 320, just gentle buffing. Sand down the brush marks lightly with the fine-grit sandpaper. VIDEO TRANSCRIPT: One of the biggest challenges of woodworking is finishing. The simplest rubbed finish is one that is done with #0000 steel wool, or equivalent abrasive pad. It only took me about five minutes to convert this cloudy lens to this much clearer lens using the buffing compound on that random orbit sander with the abrasive pad. This is normal. This will leave only an ultra-thin film of finish on the surface. July 14, 2020 Reply. You can start this process by dipping some fine steel wool in a chemical paint remover. And I’m gonna continue, and then show you the result when I get it as good as I can get it. When you’ve finished, buff the wax with a soft cloth. I’m thinking that this is actually, I’m hoping anyway that this is on the surface, that this hasn’t actually effected the paint. Stains come in a full range of wood tones, and such finishes as varnish and polyurethane give your piece either a matte or glossy shine. Steel wool comes in a variety of grades. Watch the video and read the article below and you’ll be amazed by what you can accomplish. Can I buy a car in Oregon and bring it to California? Also, there’s another video further down that explains how to use buffing to restore an auto finish, and the Q&A section. Click to see full answer Also asked, can you sand with steel wool? While I’m at it, I’m gonna buff a few other places on the van, too, that have gotten the clear coat scuffed a little bit. difficult to bring up to a high gloss. Applying a Water-Based Polyurethane . It all works. As water and oil do not mix, this step will prevent the water-based polyurethane from forming beads on the surface. The finer grades are particularly useful for the delicate work of sanding between finishes (cutting back). Sand lightly with 240-grit sandpaper between coats, then let the last coat dry for at least 24 hours. Steel wool can be used instead of fine sandpaper for many sanding jobs. © Copyright 2021 Baileylineroad, It provides a durable finish with exceptional scratch and stain resistance on bare and stained wood. And so, I’ve moistened the pad, and I have put on some of the rubbing compound. But if you remember, there used to be some marks up here. As long as the surface feel perfectly smooth, it’s time to move on to the next step. Do not use steel wool on water-based commercial strippers. A: I’d definitely start by coloring the minor scratches with Polyshades as you planned. Wipe away the rubbing slurry frequently to check your progress, and stop as soon as you have a consistent satin sheen. The best, most consistent product I’ve ever used is Poloplaz Primero. The synthetic material does not rust, splinter or shred like steel wool. Always spent hours trying to get that perfect result. Add a pea-sized amount of … Finish Both Sides at Once. There’s a finer grade than this, but I find that this works pretty well for most things. After your final coat, you may choose to rub out the finish with #0000 steel wool to a consistent sheen level, followed by an application of paste wax for a nice luster. If pads get clogged, simply rinse and reuse. You can use either steel wool or sandpaper for smoothing out polyurethane finish between coats. For gloss, wait four to six weeks no matter what the finish. Sand: The first step is to sand the bare wood with the help of the 150 grit sandpaper, do not sand firmly, sand lightly in the directions of the wood grains. Even if you someday plan on refinishing tired furniture or trim, you can renew wood finishes with mineral spirits right now, quickly and easily. Alternatively, you can use steel wool. The product data sheets for both the polyurethane and mineral wool indicate the heat transmittance, U, calculated according to EN ISO 6946. So having said that, if you are using an oil-based poly, then either steel wool or sandpaper is fine. It’s really pretty simple. You can choose to use wood sanders with rough sandpaper to etch the surface. More than 800,000 people have given this content a 95% approval rating. VIDEO TRANSCRIPT: 00:08 Many times, when my wife heads into the city with the van here, we come back with some damage. Minwax® polyurethane finish. I have some color matched paint for the van here, and I’m going to show you how I would paint over damage like this with paint and clear coat, and then buffing to blend the repair into the surrounding areas. This pad replaces 00 steel wool and will not shred, splinter or rust like steel wool. That’ll give you a nice, matte finish. That’s what you’ll learn about here. In this article I’ll show you how it applies here to a polyurethane wood finishes — either oil-based or water based. Further refining the surface is what happens next, and that’s where something like this comes in. Copyright 2020 FindAnyAnswer All rights reserved. Polyurethane Finish Tip#1: Start With a Thick Coating. Use the 320-grit paper on a foam block to knock off the dust bumps, the go at it with a “fine” 3M rubbing pad. DO NOT USE STEEL WOOL. Before film finishes like polyurethane varnish were widely available, paste wax was the best option for giving wood furniture and floors a protective coating, but now, the main purpose of wax is simply to polish the existing finish. Ian. This is a wet process, so I wanna keep it lubed with water and let’s see if this works. It’s … The buffing that I … Please excuse those crows in the background. It’s sometimes a lot easier to build a good project until you get to the finishing part, and that’s where disappointment often sets in. If you pay attention and get the details right, you’ll be one of those people who can apply a really great finish on interior wood, and do it every time. On tabletops subjected to harsh reflected light these flaws will still be noticeable. The finer grades are particularly useful for the delicate work of sanding between finishes (cutting back). I’m not talking about using this sander for sanding, but rather for buffing a finish that you’ve already applied. To save drying time, coat the bottom and then immediately flip it over to finish the top. Brush the sanded area off with a soft cloth to remove all traces of dirt and grit from the sanding. How do you sand the final coat of polyurethane? 03:51 Well, I’m very pleased with what’s happened here. The transcript of this video sits below. Now if you want a matte polyurethane finish or something with just a little bit of gloss to it, then all you need to use is this fine pad. As for your coffee table, yes, it’s definitely a candidate for buffing, even now. Experimenting with this process is kind of like being a mad scientist. Take your wax-dipped steel wool and rub it back and forth in the wood grain direction on the polyurethane finish. This is a thick, non-woven, synthetic abrasive material available at woodworking outlets and better hardware stores. Warning: Skip this step and the top can twist, cup or warp. How do you fix an uneven polyurethane finish? That looks worse close up than it does from a distance, but I’m not shooting for perfection here, but this is close enough. At the end of your project, ensure that you dispose of the residue, stripper, and any rags you used. Nothing more is involved than rubbing the surface in long strokes with the grain of the wood. Oil modified polyurethane is a good finish but it's not bullet proof by far. Sandpaper or steel wool in-between coats of polyurethane? How do you apply polyurethane without brush marks? I suggest that you use a cork block or a wood block padded with fabric. When you get to the bottom of this article, check out my video on how I used buffing techniques to get rid of scuffs and scratches on my vehicles. This is a little squishier than styrofoam. You’re not trying to remove significant amounts of polyurethane, just to knock off those little high spots.